"Are Any Kinds Ontologically Fundamental?"

Contemporary Aristotelian Metaphysics (ed. Tuomas Tahko) (Cambridge University Press, forthcoming)


In this paper I ask whether any natural kinds are ontologically fundamental. In particular I examine E.J. Lowe's view that kinds—substantial universals—form one component of a fundamental four category ontology, and that kinds play a key role in the laws of nature. I contrast this with the view that kinds are supervening entities. According to this view, the existence of kinds supervenes on the properties there are in a world and the pattern of their instantiation. Correspondingly, laws involving kinds are dependent on laws not involving kinds, but only properties.